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These steps are listed in approximately the order in which they should be performed, after performing all of the "generic" steps in SetupNewMachines.

Update Existing Machines

Update AFSDB DNS Records

You'll want to add a new AFSDB record for the new server. Note that the numeric field in an AFSDB record must always be "1" -- it is not a priority like in MX records! The order of the records determines their priority (not like SRV records).

Update CellServDB on AFS Servers

On all existing AFS servers, add the IP address for the new machine to /etc/openafs/server/CellServDB (this should be a symlink to /etc/openafs/CellServDB but not vice-versa). The format of this file is very strange, and often confuses people:

  1. A line starting with a ">" (greater-than sign) indicates the start of the declaration of the servers for a cell. The name of the cell comes after the greater-than.

  2. All lines between the previous line and the next line starting with a greater-than sign are servers for the previously mentioned cell. Each of these lines consists of an IP address, one or more tabs, a hash mark, and the hostname of the server.

Here is an example:

>hcoop.net        #afs1.hcoop.net        #afs2.hcoop.net
>whitehouse.gov        #ovaloffice.whitehouse.gov

Restart All AFS Servers

Now, restart each of the existing AFS servers, one at a time, so they reload their CellServDB files. To completely ensure continuity of service, always wait a full five minutes after restarting one server before restarting the next one (five minutes is the worst-case time needed for AFS peer servers to "recognize" each other and rejoin the cluster; in practice the time required is usually much, much shorter).

Unfortunately this really is necessary.

Set Up New AFS Server

Ensure Hostname Resolves

Execute this command, and make sure it works. If it doesn't, the AFS server will fail cryptically and mysteriously.

dig +short `hostname`

Copy CellServDB, UserList, KeyFile, BosConfig, ThisCell

Copy the CellServDB, UserList, KeyFile, and BosConfig from an existing AFS server:

mkdir -p /etc/openafs/server/
scp deleuze.hcoop.net:/etc/openafs/server/UserList /etc/openafs/server/
scp deleuze.hcoop.net:/etc/openafs/server/KeyFile /etc/openafs/server/
chown root:wheel /etc/openafs/server/KeyFile
chmod o-r /etc/openafs/server/KeyFile
scp deleuze.hcoop.net:/etc/openafs/CellServDB /etc/openafs/CellServDB
scp deleuze.hcoop.net:/etc/openafs/BosConfig /etc/openafs/BosConfig

The AFS client and server (which can both be simultaneously installed on the same machine) keep their CellServDB's in different places, for historical reasons. We can simplify our setup by symlinking the server's to the client's (the reverse will not work due to restrictive permissions on /etc/openafs/server/):

mkdir -p /etc/openafs/server/
ln -sf /etc/openafs/CellServDB /etc/openafs/server/CellServDB
ln -sf /etc/openafs/ThisCell   /etc/openafs/server/ThisCell

Create /vicepa

The AFS server will store its files in /vicepa. So, you should create that directory, ensuring it resides on whatever storage (raid, etc) you want to use for AFS backing. Furthermore, you must let AFS know that it is safe to use it:

touch /vicepa/AlwaysAttach

Install Debian Packages

dpkg -i /afs/hcoop.net/common/debian/openafs/1.4.6/openafs-{fileserver,dbserver}*.deb

Replicate Volumes

We want most of our readonly volumes to be replicated as widely as possible. So, for each readonly volume, you should:

vos addsite newserver.hcoop.net /vicepa volname
vos release volname

Currently, the minimum of volumes you should replicate are:


Remove AFS server

Here's a list of tasks that were done when we were removing Krunk:

To Do

The information in CellServDB needs to stay in sync with the AFSDB DNS entries -- they both contain essentially exactly the same data in different formats. Unfortunately AFS can't be modified to "do away with" the CellServDB file because the AFS fileservers are supposed to be able to operate correctly even when DNS is down (clients are another story). So, it would be nice to have some way of generating the CellServDB from the AFSDB records periodically.

CategorySystemAdministration CategoryNeedsWork CategoryOutdated

SetupNewAfsServer (last edited 2012-09-03 08:47:10 by ClintonEbadi)